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tv   CBS Evening News With Russ Mitchell  CBS  August 22, 2010 5:00pm-5:30pm PST

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>> reporter: the top general in iraq said on cbs's "face the nation" today that it's still far too soon to declare a mission accomplished in iraq. >> i would say determine whether we've won the war or not, and we can see that in three to five years, as we see how iraq turns out. >> reporter: the white house, though, says president obama isn't wavering from his timeline for getting combat troops out, as he promised early in his administration and reiterated earlier this month. >> and i made it clear that by august 31, 2010, america's combat mission in iraq would end. >> reporter: the final 6,000 u.s. combat troops are now making preparations to leave iraq in the coming days. white house officials said today the president will deliver a major address on iraq to coincide with their departure, shortly after he returns from his martha's vineyard vacation. but even after the deadline, there will still be 50,000
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noncombat u.s. troops in iraq. military analyst michael o'hanlon says the distinction between combat and noncombat is all but meaningless. >> to imply that there a sharp demarcation between what they were doing all summer and what they will start doing in the fall is not realistic. in fact, the only reason we have this number of people is because we value the combat power they bring. >> reporter: those troops will still be in harm's way. they will be engaging in counterterrorism operations and in the dangerous business of protecting u.s. forces and facilities from attack. the president has promised to get all troops out of iraq by the end of next year. ng a return to chaos, many republicans are urging the president to be flexible. >> i hope we will have an enduring relationship of having some military presence in iraq. i think that would be smart not to let things unwind over the next three to five years. >> reporter: today general odierno said if the iraqis asked the u.s. to keep troops in iraq beyond 2011, they would have to consider it.
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but the final decision would be up to the president, and at this point he is sticking to his timeline-- all troops out of iraq by the end of next year. >> mitchell: chip reid on martha's vineyard. thank you. the debate over the islamic cultural center boiled over today into dueling demonstrations near the site of the world trade center. >> no mosque-- not here, not now, not ever. >> in lower manhattan protestors bound to stop the islamic cultural center planned just two blocks north of ground zero. >> if they put a mosque up right here in the shadow of the world trade center before we finish building it back up, what is next? >> reporter: a block away, a smaller crowd of supporters. >> how far away is okay? a mile away, two miles? >> reporter: caught in the middle are muslim americans, including some who were 9/11 families.
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>> don't they realize this is bigotry? >> reporter: her son mohammed died that day rescuing others. >> to scapegoat on the muslim americans for the acts of foreign terrorists is equivalent to scapegoating on all christians for the actions of timothy mcveigh. >> reporter: this family immigrated from iran to california. >> to us, it is the gravesite of our loved ones. >> reporter: her mother was a passenger on the second plane to hit the twin towers. >> we are saying, "please not here." nowhere as a part of your religious freedom does it guarantee you a location. >> reporter: ironically, the location has been used as a mosque for months, while the new building would not even be visible from ground zero. proximity is what is at issue here. while the proposed islamic cultural center is two and a half blocks away from where the twin towers fell, world trade center 7, which also fell and has now been rebuilt, is right
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here. >> when it comes to this imam, there isn't a place far enough. >> reporter: the imam behind the project is kuwaiti-born faisal abdul rael. he has run a mosque in lower manhattan for 27 years. he spoke today while overseas on a state department tour promoting religious tolerance. >> reporter: his friends consider him a leader of interfaith outreach. samir, a christian pastor, has known him for ten years. >> his goal is to be part of the community and to be part of humanity, not to make people muslims or anything. >> reporter: but that has become a hard sell. the project fueled divisions with no money: fundraising for the $100 million budget has yet to begin. michelle miller, cbs news, new york. >> mitchell: there is more
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disturbing news this sunday about an iowa egg producer involved in the recall of more than a half-billion eggs. the eggs have been linked to as many as 1,300 cases of salmonella poisoning. barry peterson has the latest. >> reporter: the recall centers on a company with a long list of legal woes owned by austin jack decoster, who turned a farm with 125 chickens into an operation with 15 million hens. decoster's troubles go back to 1997 and a $2 million fine. then labor secretary robert reich said workers were forced to live in rat-infested trailers and handle manure and dead chickens with their bare hands. in 2001, the iowa supreme court called decoster a "repeat violator" of state environmental laws for his hog operations. and in 2002, the company paid a $1.5 million settlement in a sexual harassment case over women who were subjected to sexual assault and rape by
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supervisors. most recently, the company's main operation was fined after it was secretly filmed by an animal rights group showing workers breaking the necks of sick chickens and kicking the still-living animals into a waste trough. >> clearly this company was cutting corners in lots of areas, including food safety. >> reporter: decoster's company had no comment when reached by cbs news. his critics say his operations treat the millions in fines as just another cost of doing business-- a cost that may now include a lot of sick americans. barry petersen, cbs news, los angeles. >> mitchell: as of today, credit card users have some new protections. here are some the highlights. penalty fees for things like late payments are capped at $25. in most cases, no more inactivity fees. and gift cards must have a five- year expiration date. now to politics. tuesday is primary election day in several states.
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at stake: control of congress. and in two key spots, arizona and florida, the attacks are getting personal. congressional correspondent nancy cordes has more. >> reporter: with the primaries just two days away, candidates in florida are trying to leave the voters with a positive impression. >> all right, all right. thank you. >> reporter: but what floridians are likely to remember most is just how nasty this campaign season has become. >> how corrupt is congressman kendrick meek? >> reporter: the top two contenders in florida's democratic senate primary are accusing each other of being crooks. >> profiting off of suffering. jeff greene. >> reporter: greene is a real estate billionaire. purported exploits on his 145- foot yacht, the "summer wind," have dominated campaign headlines, though voters have other concerns. >> jobs is the number one issue in this campaign. >> reporter: whoever wins will face off against republican marco rubio and governor charlie
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crist, who fled the g.o.p. after trailing rubeio in the polls. >> the big question here-- and it is asked a lot-- is will he caucus with the democrats and republicans? so he could very well be the key to who controls the u.s. senate. >> reporter: that's because republicans need to sweep all ten competitive races if they want to reclaim the u.s. senate. they need 39 seats to win the house. >> a year ago no one thought the republicans had a prayer of taking back the house of representatives. and now it is a real possibility. what's changed? >> voter sentiment has changed. people haven't seen kind of the economic turnaround really hit home, and they're looking for change. >> reporter: that's fueling an anti-incumbent sentiment that has emboldened upstart candidates to take on established senators from their own parties, such as john mccain of arizona. >> fire john mccain. >> reporter: mccain was forced to tap to the right, which could help him fend off j.d. hayworth in his tuesday primary. now that primary season is
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almost over, candidates on the right and left will be working to woo swing voters, who say the most important issue to them is the economy. nancy cordes, cbs news, washington. >> mitchell: in weather news this sunday, two new tropical storms formed today. tropical storm frank took shape in the pacific off the coast of mexico. forecasters say it could become a hurricane early this week. and danielle, moving west across the atlantic, could also become a hurricane. and we have a remarkable story tonight from chile, one that says "never give up hope." john bentley reports. >> reporter: for the families of 33 miners who had been trapped for two weeks, today a note reading, "all 33 of us are fine" was found tied to a rescue drill. the mine collapsed on august 5th, trapping the miners almost half a mile beneath the surface. they survived for 17 days drinking underground water. but now food and supplies can be sent down.
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the mine was closed temporarily for safety reasons in 2005. chilean president sebastian pinera saluted the miners for their courage, but they may not be reunited with their families anytime soon. authorities said it could take three months to drill a separate shaft to rescue them. john bentley, cbs news, new york. >> mitchell: and coming up on tonight's "cbs evening news," the dangerous task of training afghan police in the taliban hotbed. bed. the one thing about smoking -- is it dominates your life, and it dominated mine. i honestly loved smoking, and i honestly didn't think i would ever quit. ♪ it was very interesting that you could smoke on the first week. [ male announcer ] chantix is a non-nicotine pill that stays with you all day to help you quit. in studies, 44% of chantix users were quit during weeks 9 to 12 of treatment, compared to 18% on sugar pill. it's proven to reduce the urge to smoke.
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>> reporter: there's one thing you don't often see on the streets of afghanistan's second largest city, a police officer. kandahar is not only the spiritual home of the taliban, but also a lawless free-for-all. hundreds of american military police soldiers are now patrolling these streets, but their real mission is to help build an afghan police force capable of doing the job. they have a long way to go. it starts with the basics: how to walk in formation, how to carry a weapon, how to make your presence known to the people you're there to protect. part of being a cop is walking your beat, and that's today's lesson. but this must be the most dangerous beat in the world. these officers are stationed in tiny outposts along an area known as the taliban highway. if they are going to hold this area on their own against an enemy that uses roadside bombs and sophisticated ambushes, they've a lot to learn. >> anyway we can help, that is what we are here to do.
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>> reporter: constable bill from the toronto police has been teaching as many afghan officers as he could reach. >> searching people and stopping cars or just trying to get the basics and keep them alive. >> reporter: but things are never simple here. bad pay and bad equipment contribute to an alarming dropout rate. the use of drugs is so widespread that officers who merely test positive for smoking hashish are warned but not fired. for now the m.p.'s are the only thing that is keeping their afghan partners alive. but they won't be here forever. >> the army can't hold a country. they're there to protect it from people invading an such. the police are they, they call it the thin blue line. >> reporter: too thin. the u.s. has american soldiers posted to every police station in kandahar. they can only start pulling out once these afghan cops are able to hold the line on their own. mandy clark, cbs news, kandahar, afghanistan. >> mitchell: next on tonight's "cbs evening news," after 11 generations, a family is selling the farm. a completely blocked ,
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ready to clean it up. local shrimp and fishing boats, organized into task forces and strike teams. plus, specialized skimmers from around the world. we've skimmed over 35 million gallons of oil/water mixture and removed millions more with other methods. i grew up on the gulf coast and i love these waters. as long as there's oil out there that could make it ashore, i'm gonna do everything i can to stop it. bp's commitment is that we will see this through. and we'll be here as long as it takes to clean up the gulf. >> mitchell: the owners of the country's oldest family farm are getting out-- after only 378 years.
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and that's our "sunday cover." while america's small farms are vanishing acre by acre, this historic spread will have a better fate. >> the farm was a king's grant from england in 1632. >> mitchell: and there's been a tuttle on this land ever since. >> just clearing the land must have been a massive undertaking. >> mitchell: the farm, near dover, new hampshire, has passed down through 11 generations of tuttles, making it the oldest family farm in the united states. the current owner, 63-year-old bill tuttle, began working here when he was six. now, he says, it's time to sell. >> we're tired. we're emotionally, mentally exhausted. and we're ready to walk into the sunset. >> mitchell: tuttle and his sister lucy are joint owners of tuttle's red barn, a roadside market on the 130-acre farm. their children have no interest in running it. so the farm is on the market for
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more than $3 million. the tuttles are certainly not alone. family-run farms may be a vital part of america's heritage, but since 1945, their number has decreased by 63%. many family farms have been snapped up by corporate megafarms or housing developers. from 2002 to 2007, more than four million acres were converted. but the tuttles have made sure that won't happen here, by putting their land into permanent conservancy. >> this is not going to be houses or condos or a shopping mall. >> mitchell: the decision to give up the farm that's been in his family, in his blood for so many generations wasn't easy for bill tuttle, so he won't be going far. he's moving next door. >> so then we'll have the enjoyment of looking at it, maybe occasionally trespassing on it, but not the burden of having to do the day-to-day operation of it. >> mitchell: and it seems bill
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tuttle might have some luck selling the farm. new hampshire is the only state that has seen an increase in family farms over the last 20 years. we'll be back. it was a mystery to me. i found out that connected to our muscles are nerves that send messages through the body. my doctor diagnosed it as fibromyalgia, thought to be the result of overactive nerves that cause chronic, widespread pain. lyrica is believed to calm these nerves. i learned lyrica can provide significant relief from fibromyalgia pain. and with less pain, i can do more of what matters to me. [ female announcer ] lyrica is not for everyone. lyrica may cause serious allergic reactions or suicidal thoughts or actions. tell your doctor right away if you have these, new or worsening depression, or unusual changes in mood or behavior or any swelling or affected breathing, or skin, or changes in eyesight, including blurry vision or muscle pain with fever or tired feeling. common side effects are dizziness, sleepiness, weight gain and swelling of hands, legs and feet. don't drink alcohol while taking lyrica. don't drive or use machinery
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>> mitchell: we lost two great colleagues at cbs news this weekend. al was a technical supervisor who worked here for 42 years, he was 60 years old and will be remembered for his dedication to family and job and always calming smile. and acclaimed "48 hours" correspondent harold down died yesterday of an asthma attack. he was also 62. on the life of a journalism pioneer. >> reporter: harold dow's life was extraordinary because he touched so many other lives, covering some of the most important stories of our time-- from 9/11, where he barely escaped the falling towers, to the return of p.o.w.s from vietnam. >> what do you remember about the day medgar was assassinated? >> how he kissed the children. >> reporter: he said he was most
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proud of this story, looking at the historical importance of the obama inauguration through the eyes of civil rights martyr medgar evers' widow. just weeks before he died, dow won an award for this story. >> i buried my head in my hands and tears began to fall. and i said, "look, do you see what has happened?" >> reporter: her husband was killed in the '60s, not long before harold became the first african-american reporter in omaha. >> jury selection in the patricia hearst case. >> reporter: but before long, harold's hard work and big personality won people over. he landed an exclusive interview with kidnapped heiress patty hearst. >> in your days of captivity, what were the conditions like while you were being held there? >> i was put in a closet and blindfolded. >> reporter: and it was harold dow who got the first interview with o.j. simpson after he was acquitted of murder.
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he had a soft side but he was no pushover. >> let me see if i got this right. so we are talking hundreds of thousands of dollars that people would just walk up and give to you because they like you? he built relationships with rap stars and hung out with heavyweights. >> that's what i say. >> reporter: throughout his career, he won many prestigious awards-- the george foster peabody award, five emmys, and an edward r. murrow award-- because he would do anything for a story. well, almost anything. >> in spite of all these beautiful surroundings, i just had to draw the line and say no-- no way, no how. >> reporter: today his colleagues remember harold dow as a good friend who truly loved his life. >> okay. i got no problem with that. >> reporter: but what he cared most about was his family and the people whose stories he could tell because they trusted him. he loved the work, and lived to do it. >> mitchell: a quick personal note about harold.
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he was one of the first high- profile african-americans in network television news, and his hard work and success made it easier for many of us. last fall he told journalism students at florida a & m university to dream big dreams and make them into reality. that's what harold dow did. and to those of us who were touched by his work, or were by his work, or were lucky enough to know him, are saying thanks, harold. we'll never forget you, or those dreams you'll continue to inspire. and that is the "cbs evening news." i'm russ mitchell in new york. katie couric will be here tomorrow. good night. captioning sponsored by cbs captioned by gbh.org
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weather heating up -- what you're asked not to do tomorrow. one fire torches three bay area homes. how many people are le the bay area first spare the air alert. one fire torches three bay area homes. how many people are left homeless tonight. >> go into coffee shops and everyone is sitting there with their laptops and their ear buds in. it's creepy. >> why are some bay area coffee shops pulling the mug? cbs 5 eyewitness news is next. ,,

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